Robert Peel (1788-1850) was a British Conservative politician.
As home secretary 1822-1827 and 1828-1830, he founded the modern police force and in 1829 introduced Roman Catholic emancipation. He was prime minister 1834-1835 and 1841-1846, when his repeal of the Corn Laws caused him and his followers to break with the party.
Peel, born in Lancashire, entered Parliament as a Tory in 1809. After the passing of the Reform Bill in 1832, which he had resisted, he reformed the Tories under the name of the Conservative Party, on a basis of accepting necessary reforms and seeking middle-class support. He fell from prime ministerial office because his repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846 was opposed by the majority of his party.
He and his followers then formed a third party standing between the Liberals and Conservatives; the majority of the Peelites, including Gladstone, subsequendy joined the Liberals.
Why is Robert Peel famous?
Robert Peel was a British Conservative statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.