Ramsay James MacDonald (1866-1937) joined the Independent Labour Party in 1894, and became first secretary of the new Labour Party in 1900.
In Parliament he led the party (1906-1914) and (1922-1931), and was prime minister of the first two Labour governments, (January-October 1924 and 1929-1931), and of a coalition (1931-1935), for which he left the party.
MacDonald was born in Scotland, the son of a labourer. He was elected to Parliament in 1906, and led the party until 1914, when his opposition to World War I lost him the leadership. This he recovered in 1922, and in January 1924 he formed a government dependent on the support of the Liberal Party.
When this was withdrawn in October the same year, he was forced to resign. He returned to office in 1929, again as leader of a minority government, which collapsed in 1931 as a result of the economic crisis. MacDonald left the Labour Party to form a national government with backing from both Liberal and Conservative parties. He resigned the premiership in 1935.
Why is Ramsay MacDonald famous?
Ramsay MacDonald was a British Labour politician and Prime Minister of the Labour governments.