Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) was a French Post-Impressionist painter.
After a few years as a stockbroker, he took up full-time painting, exhibited with the Impressionists, and spent two months with van Gogh in Aries 1888.
On his return to Brittany he concentrated on his new style, Synthetism, based on the use of powerful, expressive colours and boldly outlined areas of flat tone. He went to live in Tahiti 1891-1893 and 1895-1901 and from 1901 in the Marquesas Islands.
Influenced by Symbolism, he chose subjects reflecting his interest in the beliefs of other cultures.
Born in Paris, Gauguin joined a banking firm, but gave up his career in 1881 in order to paint. After a visit to Martinique in 1887, he went to Pont Aven in Brittany, becoming the leading a
rtist in the Synthetic movement, and abandoning conventional perspective.
In 1891 he left Paris for Tahiti, where he remained from 1895 until his death. Going beyond the Impressionists' notion of reality, he sought a more direct experience of life in the magical rites of the people and rich colours of the islands.
A friend of van Gogh, he disliked theories and rules of painting, and his pictures are Expressionist compositions characterized by his use of pure, unmixed colours. Among his most famous paintings is Le Christe Jaune in 1889 (Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA).
Why is Paul Gauguin famous?
Paul Gauguin was a leading French Post-Impressionist artist.
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