Paul Cezanne was born on January 19, 1839 in France. He is a famous artist and Post-Impressionist painter.
Biography and Career :
Paul Cezanne was born into a family of Italian origin in Cesana Forinese. His father had established a felt hat business in Aix-en-Provence and later became a banker. In 1859 he bought a country house on the outskirts of Aix, the J as de Bouffan, which was to be frequently represented in Cezanne's paintings.
Between 1852 and 1859 Paul Cezanne studied at the College Bourbon and it was there that he formed a friendship with Emile Zola. In 1856 he began to attend the evening drawing courses of Joseph-Marc Gibert at the Aix Museum. By April 1861 his father had finally yielded to Cezanne's desire to make a career in art and allowed him to go to Paris
. There Cezanne frequented the Academie Suisse, visited the Louvre, met Pissarro and Guillaumin and, later on, Monet, Sisley, Bazille and Renoir. In September of the same year he was refused admission to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and went back to Aix, to the great relief of his father, who offered him a position in his bank. But in November 1862. Cezanne went back to Paris and painting.
During this so-called "dark" or "romantic" period (1862-70) Cezanne often visited Paris; he met with Edouard Manet and the future Impressionists, and tried to be accepted at the Salon. The Franco-Prussian War drove him to L'Estaque near Marseilles. Cezanne's "Impressionist" period (1873-79) is connected with his staying at Pontoise and Auvers-sur-Oise in 1872, 1873, 1874, 1877 and 1881; he worked with Pissarro and exhibited with the Impressionists in 1874 and 1877. The canvases produced at L'Estaque (188083) and at Gardanne (1885-88) are usually referred to Cezanne's "constructive" period.
In 1887, after a long break, he participated in the exhibition of Les XX at Brussels. Towards the beginning of Cezanne's "synthetic" period (1890-1906) the younger generation of artists started to take an interest in him. His first one-man show was held in the Vollard Gallery in 1895. During these years the artist seldom visited Paris - his longest stays there took place in 1895, 1899 and 1904 - and produced many versions of canvases depicting Mount Sainte- Victoire, smokers, card-players and bathers, and painted still lifes and portraits. By 1901 Cezanne had become recognized. He often met with the Nabis - Denis, Bonnard and Vuillard. In 1901 Denis painted Hommage a Cezanne. The future Fauvist Charles Camoin sought his advice, and in 1904 he was visited by Emile Bernard, an artist of the Pont-Aven school, with whom Cezanne corresponded extensively, expounding his views on art.
In the Salon d'Automne of 1904 an entire room was reserved for Cezanne's paintings, and a year after his death, in 1907, a retrospective exhibition of his works was held there.
From 1903 to the end of his life, he painted in his studio, working for a month in 1904 with Emile Bernard, who stayed as a house guest. After his death it became a monument, Atelier Paul Cezanne or les Lauves.
- "Right now a moment of time is passing by! We must become that moment."
- "When I judge art, I take my painting and put it next to a God made object like a tree or flower. If it clashes, it is not art."
- "A work of art which did not begin in emotion is not art."
- "The awareness of our own strength makes us modest."
- He destroyed many unfinished paintings.
- He is considered to be the father of modern art.
- The French novelist Emile Zola was his close friend from Aix, who also moved to Paris in 1861.
- His father provided Cezanne financial support for his stay at Paris.
Paul Cezanne Image Source : artroots.com