Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was a Austrian composer.
A teacher of Mozart and Beethoven, he was a major exponent of the Classical sonata form in his numerous chamber and orchestral works (he wrote over 100 symphonies).
He also composed choral music, including the oratorios The Creation in 1798 and The Seasons in 1801. He was the first great master of the string quartet.
Born in Lower Austria, he was Kapellmeister (1761-1790) to Prince Esterhazy at Eisenstadt and Esterhaz. He visited London twice, (1791-1792) and (1794-1795).
His work also includes operas, church music, and songs, and he composed the "Emperor's Hymn", adopted as the Austrian, and later the German, national anthem.
Why is Joseph Haydn famous?
Joseph Haydn was one of the most famous composers of the Classical period.