John Hunter (1728-1793) was a Scottish surgeon, pathologist, and comparative anatomist.
His main contribution to medicine was his insistence on rigorous scientific method. He was also the first to understand the nature of digestion.
He did major work in comparative anatomy and dental pathology. He experimented extensively on animals, and collected a large number of specimens and preparations (Hunterian Collections), which are now housed in the Royal College of Surgeons, London. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society.
He trained under his elder brother William Hunter (1718-1783), anatomist and obstetrician, who became professor of anatomy in the Royal Academy in 1768 and president of the Medical Society in 1781.
His collections are now in the Hunterian museum of Glasgow University.
Why is John Hunter famous?
John Hunter one of the most distinguished scientists and surgeons of his day.