Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher, who believed that knowledge is not merely an aggregate of sense impressions, but is dependent on the conceptual apparatus of the human understanding, which is itself not derived from experience.
In ethics, Kant argued that right action cannot be based on feelings or inclinations, but conforms to a law given by reason, the categorical imperative.
Born at Konigsberg (in what was then East Prussia), he attended the university there, and was appointed professor of logic and metaphysics in 1770.
His first book, Gedanken von der wahren Schatzung der lebendigen Krdfte/Thoughts on the True Estimates of Living Forces, appeared in 1747, and the Theorie des Himmels/Theory of the Heavens in 1755.
In the latter he combined physics and theology in an argument for the existence of God. In Kritik der reinen Vemunft/Critique of Pure Reason (1781), he argued that God's existence could not be proved theoretically.
Why is Immanuel Kant famous?
Immanuel Kant was a 18th century Enlightenment German philosopher.