D. W. Griffith (1875-1948) was an American film director.
He made hundreds of "one reelers" (lasting 12 minutes) 1908-1913, in which he pioneered the techniques of the flash-back, cross-cut, close-up, and longshot. After much experimentation with photography and new techniques came Birth of a Nation 1915, followed by Intolerance (1916)
Why is D. W. Griffith famous?
D. W. Griffith was a premier pioneering American film director.