Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl (1872-1970) works include Principia Mathematica 1910-1913 (with A. N. Whitehead), in which he attempted to show that mathematics could be reduced to a branch of logic; The Problems of Philosophy in 1912; and A History of Western Philosophy in 1946. He was an outspoken liberal pacifist.
The grandson of Prime Minister John Russell, he was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he specialized in mathematics and became a lecturer in 1895.
Russell's pacifist attitude in World War I lost him the lectureship, and he was imprisoned for six months for an article he wrote in a pacifist journal. His Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy in 1919 was written in prison. He and his wife ran a progressive school 1927-1932
. After visits to the USSR and China, he went to the USA in 1938 and taught at many universities.
In 1940, a US court disqualified him from teaching at City College of New York because of his liberal moral views. He later returned to England, and was a fellow of Trinity College. He was a life-long pacifist except during World War II. From 1949 he advocated nuclear disarmament and until 1963 was on the Committee of 100, an offshoot of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
Among his other works are Principles of Mathematics in 1903, Principles of Social Reconstruction in 1917, Marriage and Morals in 1929, An Enquiry into Meaning and Truth in 1940, New Hopes for a Changing World in 1951, and Autobiography 1967-1969.
Why is Bertrand Russell famous?
Bertrand Russell was a English philosopher and mathematician, who contributed to the development of modem mathematical logic, and wrote about social issues.