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Born on March 5
Passed Away on January 8
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Zhou Enlai

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Zhou Enlai Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) a member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from the 1920s, was prime minister 1949-1976 and foreign minister 1949-1958.

Short Biography:

He was a moderate Maoist, and weathered the Cultural Revolution. He played a key role in foreign affairs.

Born into a declining mandarin gentry family near Shanghai, Zhou studied in Japan and Paris, where he became a founder member of the overseas branch of the CCP.

He adhered to the Moscow line of urban-based revolution in China, organizing communist cells in Shanghai and an abortive uprising in Nanchang in 1927. In 1935 Zhou supported the election of Mao Zedong as CCP leader and remained a loyal ally during the next 40 years.

He served as liaison officer 1937-1946 between the CCP and Chiang Kai-shek's n ationalist Guomindang government. In 1949 he became prime minister, an office he held until his death in January 1976.

Zhou, a moderator between the opposing camps of Liu Shaoqi and Mao Zedong, restored orderly progress after the Great Leap Forward (1958-1960) and the Cultural Revolution (1966-1969), and was the architect of the Four Modernizations programme in 1975. Abroad,

Zhou sought to foster Third World unity at the Bandung Conference in 1955, averted an outright border confrontation with the USSR by negotiation with Prime Minister Kosygjn in 1969, and was the principal advocate of detente with the USA during the early 1970s.

Why is Zhou Enlai famous?

Zhou Enlai was a Chinese politician.

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1898 births
1976 deaths
20th-century Chinese heads of government
Foreign Ministers of the People's Republic of China

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Tags: minister, revolution, communist, progress

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Category: Politicians  - ( Politicians Archive)

Date Added: 09 July '12

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