Yukio Mishima (real name Kimitake Hiraoka) was born on January 14, 1925 in Shinjuku, Tokyo. He was a Japanese author and playwright.
Biography and Career :
Yukio Mishima was brought up by his grandmother, Natsu. While childhood he read books in German and French.
His grandmother educated
him in a certain strange way that set a print upon his literary work, especially his attraction to death.
At the age of twelve he came back to live with his parents being closer to his mother. He was sent to Peers School, one of the famous in Japan.
At the age of 12, Yukio started to write his first short stories. He read Oscar Wilde, Rainer Maria Rilke and
classic Japanese writers.
His first publication was "Hanazakari na Mori" in 1944. After finishing high school, Yukio Mishima's father forced him to study the German Law. Although his father had forbidden him to write, he kept on doing it by night.
He graduated the University in Tokyo
in 1947, getting a job at the Ministry of Finances. Finally, he managed to make his father see he was made to be a writer.
Yukio Mishima's first novel showed up in 1948-"The Thieves". It was followed by "The Confessions of a Mask" an autobiographical work.
He became famous at the age of 24, due to that novel. He was nominated to Oscar three times.
He wrote 40 novels, 18 plays, 20 short stories anthologies and about 20 essay books. He committed suicide after he had finished writing "The Sea of Fertility". The ritual of "seppuku" (suicide) took place on November 25, 1970.
- "At no time are we ever in such complete possession of a journey, down to its last nook and cranny, as when we are busy with preparations for it."
- "If we value so highly the dignity of life, how can we not also value the dignity of death? No death may be called futile."
- "By means of microscopic observation and astronomical projection the lotus flower can become the foundation for an entire theory of the universe and an agent whereby we may perceive Truth."
- Shincho Prize from Shinchosha Publishing, 1954, for "The Sound of Waves".
- Kishida Prize for Drama from Shinchosha Publishing, 1955.
- Yomiuri Prize from Yomiuri Newspaper Co., for best novel, 1957, "The Temple of the Golden Pavilion".
- Yomiuri Prize from Yomiuri Newspaper Co., for best drama, 1961, Toka no Kiku.
Major Works :
- Confessions of a Mask 1948
- Thirst for Love 1950
- Forbidden Colors 1953
- The Sound of Waves 1954
- The Temple of the Golden Pavilion 1956
- Kyoko's House 1959
- After the Banquet 1960
- The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea 1963
- Silk and Insight 1964
- Acts of Worship 1965
- Madame de Sade 1965
- Patriotism 1966
- Death in Midsummer and other stories 1966
- The Way of the Samurai: Yukio Mishima on Hagakure in modern life 1967
- My Friend Hitler and other plays 1968
- Sun and Steel 1970
- The Sea of Fertility tetralogy: 1964-1970
- Spring Snow 1968
- Runaway Horses 1969
- The Temple of Dawn 1970
- The Decay of the Angel 1970.
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