Wyatt Earp was born on March 19, 1848 in Monmouth, Illinois, USA and died on January 13, 1929. He was an officer of the law in various Western frontier towns, farmer, gambler and miner. His life was the theme of many movies and biographies.
Biography and Career :
His family moved from Monmouth to California and finally decided to stay in Iowa in 1850. There they had a nice farm. Six years later the father decided to return to Monmouth and got a job as a municipal constable because he didn't find any job as a cooper or farmer. Because his father had some legal troubles his farm was sold after an auction and the family moved again to Iowa.
In 1865 he was a stagecoach driver for Phineas Banning's Banning Stage Line in California's Imperial Valley and one year later a teamster,
transporting cargo for Chris Taylor. Charles Chrisman hired him in 1868 because he needed him to transport supplies for the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad. Until 1874 it is believed that he hunted American Bisons. This is also the period when he met Bat Masterson and became good friends. In 1875 he became member of the Wichita marshal's office. After one year he was assistant marshal in Dodge City, under Marshal Larry Deger and in 1878 he was assistant city marshal under Charlie Bassett. It's the same year when he left to Las Vegas, New Mexico. Until 1882 Celia Anne "Mattie" Blaylock was his companion and friend.
In 1878 he found the criminal of a famous actress, Dora Hand. She wasn't the target of the assassination, but she was in the wrong place at the wrong time. One year late along two of his brothers he moved to Tombstone, in the Arizona Territory. It was the summer of 1880 when two other brothers arrived there too. He became deputy sheriff for the southern part of Pima County. His entire life was full of attacks, gun shots and fights with murderers and people who didn't respect the law. Some murder charges were turned against him and his good friend Holliday. Finally they weren't sentenced to jail, but after they got free their reputation wasn't as good as it was when they became part of the scandal. Virgil, one of his brothers, was attacked and fortunately he didn't die. Another brother, Morgan, died on March, 18 after being shot. The rest of the brothers left Arizona and they decided to go to Colorado.
In 1882 they were in San Francisco. There he began a relation with Josie Marcus a relationship which lasted forty-six years. During the years they moved from a city to another. At the beginning of the 1920's he was deputy sheriff in a mostly ceremonial position in San Bernardino County. In 1929 he died of chronic cystitis. Josie died in 1944 and she was buried next to her lover.
Wyatt Earp Image : facade.com