Willy Brandt. Adopted name of Karl Herbert Frahm (1913-1992) was a West German socialist politician, federal chancellor (premier) (1969-1974).
He played a key role in the remoulding of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) as a moderate socialist force (leader 1964-1987).
As mayor of West Berlin 1957-66, Brandt became internationally known during the Berlin Wall crisis in 1961.
In the "grand coalition" 1966-1969 he served as foreign minister and introduced Ostpohlik, a policy of reconciliation between East and West Europe, which was continued when he became federal chancellor in 1969, and culminated in the 1972 signing of the Basic Treaty with East Germany.
He resigned from the chancellorship 1974 following the discovery that a close aide, Gunther Guillaume, had been an East German spy. Brandt continued to wield considerable influence in the SPD, especially over the party's new radical left wing.
He chaired the Brandt Commission on Third-World problems 1977-1983, and was a member of the European Parliament 1979-1983.
Willy Brandt won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1971.
Why is Willy Brandt famous?
Willy Brandt was a German politician and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.