Walter Elias Disney (1901-1966) was an American filmmaker and animator, a pioneer of family entertainment.
He established his own studio in Hollywood in 1923, and his first Mickey Mouse cartoon (Plane Crazy) appeared in 1928. In addition to short cartoons the studio made feature-length animated films, including Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1938, Pinocchio in 1940, and Dumbo in 1941.
Disney's cartoon figures, for example Donald Duck, also appeared in comic books worldwide. In 1955 Disney opened the first theme park, Disneyland, in California.
Using the new medium of sound film, Disney developed the 'Silly Symphony', a type of cartoon based on the close association of music with visual images, producing them in colour from 1932 and culminating in t
he feature-length Fantasia in 1940.
The Disney studio also made nature-study films such as The Living Desert in 1953, which have been criticized for their fictionalization of nature: wild animals would be placed in unnatural situations to create 'drama'. Feature films with human casts were made from 1946, such as The Swiss Family Robinson in 1960 and Mary Poppins in 1964.
Why is Walt Disney famous?
Walt Disney was an American international icon, film producer, director, screenwriter and animator.