Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) was an English landscape and portrait painter.
He was born in Sudbury, Suffolk; in 1759 he settled in Bath, gaining fame as a painter of high society.
In 1774 he went to London and became one of the original members of the Royal Academy. He was one of the first British artists to follow the Dutch in painting realistic landscapes rather than imaginative Italianate scenery.
Gainsborough began to paint while still at school and in 1741 went to London where he learnt etching and studied at the Academy of Arts, but remained largely self-taught.
His portraits of Sir Charles Holte and the actor Garrick belong to this period. His sitters included the royal family, Mrs. Siddons, Dr. Johnson, Burke, and Sheridan.
Why is Thomas Gainsborough famous?
Thomas Gainsborough was an English portrait and landscape painter.