Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) was a English cleric, archbishop of Canterbury from 1533.
A Protestant convert, under Edward VI he helped to shape the doctrines of the Church of England. He was responsible for the issue of the Prayer Books of 1549 and 1552, and supported the succession of Lady Jane Grey. He was burned at the stake as a heretic by Mary I.
Cranmer suggested in 1529 that the question of Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon should be referred to the universities of Europe rather than to the Pope, and in 1533 he declared it null and void.
Condemned for heresy under the Catholic Mary Tudor, he at first recanted, but when his life was not spared, resumed his position and was burned, first holding to the fire the hand which had signed his recantation.
Why is Thomas Cranmer famous?
Thomas Cranmer was a leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury.