Theodor Herzl (1860-1904) was an Austrian founder of the Zionist movement, seeking to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
He was born in Budapest and became a successful playwright and journalist. The Dreyfus case convinced him that the only solution to the problem of anti-Semitism was the resettiement of the Jews in a state of their own. His book Jewish State (1896) launched political Zionism, and he was the first president of the World Zionist Organization (1897).
Why is Theodor Herzl famous?
Theodor Herzl was the father of modern political Zionism and in effect the State of Israel.