Thomas Steams Eliot (1888-1965) was an American poet, playwright, and critic, who lived in London from 1915.
His first volume of poetry, Prufrock and Other Observations in 1917, introduced new verse forms and rhythms; further collections include The Waste Land in 1922, The Hollow Men in 1925, and Old Possums Book of Practical Cats in 1939. His plays include Murder in the Cathedral in 1935 and The Cocktail Party in 1949. His critical works include The Sacred Wood in 1920. He won a Nobel prize in 1948.
Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri, and was educated at Harvard, Paris, and Oxford.
He settled in London in 1915, and became a British subject in 1927. As editor of The Criterion 1922-1939, he exercised a moulding influence on the thought of his generat
ion. In 1948 he received the Order of Merit.
Prufrock and other Observations expressed the disillusionment of the generation affected by World War I and caused a sensation by its experimental form and rhythms. His reputation was established by the desolate modernity of The Waste Land.
Among his other works are Four Quartets in 1943, a religious sequence in which he seeks the eternal reality, and the poetic dramas Murder in the Cathedral about Thomas Becket, The Cocktail Party, The Confidential Clerk in 1953, and The Elder Statesman in 1958.
His collection Old Possums Book of Practical Cats was used for the popular British composer Lloyd Webber's musical Cats in 1981. His critical works include Notes toward the Definition of Culture in 1949.
Why is T. S. Eliot famous?
T. S. Eliot was a famous English poet of the 20th century, playwright and literary critic.Life in Brief:
- Being born on Sep 26, T. S. was a Libra.
- his ethnicity: White.
T. S. Eliot had studied at Smith Academy, St. Louis, MO (starting in 1898) and then he attended the Sorbonne (one year).
T. S. dated Vivien Haigh-Wood (wife) and amongst other amorous encounters was Valerie Fletcher (wife).
He died on Monday, January 04, 1965, in London; cause of death: emphysema.
Famous Why : The Hollow Men.
T. S. Eliot Lists