Sun Yat-sen or Sun Zhong Shan (1867-1925) was a Chinese nationalist politician, founder of the National People's Party, the Guomindang in 1894, president of China in 1912 after playing a vital part in deposing the emperor, and president of a breakaway government from 1921.
Sun Yat-sen was the son of a Christian farmer. After many years in exile he returned to China during the 1911 revolution that overthrew the Manchu dynasty and was provisional president of the republic in 1912.
The reactionaries, however, soon gained the ascendant, and he broke away to try to establish an independent republic in South China based on Canton. He was criticized for lack of organizational ability, but his 'three people's principles' of nationalism, democracy, and social reform are accepted by both the Guomindang and the Chinese communists.
Why is Sun Yat-sen famous?
Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese revolutionary and president of China.