Socrates was born on June 4, 470 BC in Athens
, Greece. He was a famous ancient Greek philosopher.
Biography and Career :
His mother, Phainarete was a midwife and his father, Sophroniscos, was sculptor. He probably was educated in the Athenian style in that period: he learned music, gymnastics and grammar. Among the masters who contributed at creating Socrates' philosophy were: Aspasia and Diotima.
Socrates married Xantippe and had three children: Lamprocles, Sophroniscos and Menexene. During his life he took part at three military campaigns: at the beginning of the Peloponesis war, between 432-429 BC; in 424 BC in the battle in Delion and in 422 in the Amphipolis expedition.
He was courageous, patient, at
the parties was happy and drank as much as the others. Anger and violence were moods Socrates didn't knew. Once he was hit by a stranger at a party but he didn't do anything. His justification was: "if a donkey would have hit me with the hoof, would I sue it?".
A person as Socrates couldn't be loved by the vainglorious. In 399 BC he was accused by Meletos, Anytos and Lycon because he didn't recognize the gods and he corrupted the young men. Of course that's what they said and the sentence they asked was death.
Socrates refused Lysias, a lawyer and defended himself. He had stayed in jail for 30 days and during this time received the visits of his friends. They proposed him an escape plan but Socrates refused it.
Socrates dedicated his last hours of life to conversation with his friends on the immortality of the soul theme. He had a bath and before the sunset he drank the cup with poison and his last words were: "Criton, I owe Asclepios one cock, please don't forget to give it". Socrates passed away on May 7, 399 BC.
- Socrates' clothes were modest but not because he was poor.
- "The greatest way to live with honor in this world is to be what we pretend to be."
- "The poets are only the interpreters of the Gods."
- "My advice to you is get married: if you find a good wife you'll be happy; if not, you'll become a philosopher."
Socrates Image : squeezestudio.com