Samuel Johnson, known as "Dr. Johnson" (1709-1784) was a English lexicographer, author, and critic, also a brilliant conversationalist and the dominant figure in 18th-century London literary society. His Dictionary, published in 1755, remained authoritative for over a century, and is still remarkable for the vigour of its definitions.
In 1764 he founded the "Literary Club", whose members included Reynolds, Burke, Goldsmith, Garrick, and Boswell, Johnson's biographer.
Other works include the satire imitating Juvenal, Vanity of Human Wishes (1749), the philosophical romance Rasselas (1759), an edition of Shakespeare (1765) and the classic Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets (1779-1781). His first meeting with Boswell was in 1763.
A visit with Boswell to Scotland and the Hebrides in 1773 was recorded in Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland in 1775. He was buried in Westminster Abbey and his house in Gough Square, London, is preserved as a museum; his wit and humanity are documented in Boswell's classic biography Life of Samuel Johnson (1791).
Why is Samuel Johnson famous?
Samuel Johnson made an important contribution to English literature as a poet, essayist, literary critic and lexicographer.
Samuel Johnson Lists