Salvador Allende Gossens (1908-1973), was an Chilean left-wing politician.
Elected president 1970 as the candidate of the Popular Front alliance, Allende never succeeded in keeping the electoral alliance together in government.
His failure to solve the country's economic problems or to deal with political subversion allowed the army, backed by the CIA, to stage the 1973 coup which brought about the death of Allende and many of his supporters.
Allende, born in Valparaiso, became a Marxist activist in the 1930's and rose to prominence as a presidential candidate 1952, 1958, and 1964.
In each election he had the support of the socialist and communist movements but was defeated by the Christian Democrats and Nationalists.
As president, his socialism and nationalization of US-owned copper mines made the CIA regard him as a communist and take part in engineering the coup that replaced him by Gen Pinochet.
Why is Salvador Allende famous?
Salvador Allende was the first democratically to become president of a country in Latin America.