Robert Gordon Menzies (1894-1978) was a Australian politician, leader of the United Australia and prime minister (1939-1941) and (1949-1966).
A Melbourne lawyer, he entered politics in 1928, was attorney-general in the federal parliament (1934-1939), and in 1939 succeeded Joseph Lyons as prime minister and leader of the United Australia Party, until 1941, when he resigned after colleagues were dissatisfied with his leadership of Australia's war effort.
In 1949 he became prime minister of a Liberal-Country Party coalition government, and was re-elected in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961, and 1963.
He retired as prime minister 1966. His critics argued that he did not show enough interest in Asia, and supported the USA and white African regimes too uncritically. His defenders argued that he provided stability in domestic policy and national security.
Why is Robert Menzies famous?
Robert Menzies was the Prime Minister of Australia from 1939 to 1966.