Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991) was an Indian politician, prime minister from 1984, following his mother Indira Gandhi's assasination, to November 1989.
As prime minister he faced growing discontent with his party's elitism and lack of concern for social issues.
Rajiv Gandhi initially displayed little interest in politics and became an airline pilot. But after the death in a plane crash of his brother Sanjay (1946-1980), he was elected to his brother's Amethi parliamentary seat in 1981.
In the December 1984 parliamentary elections he won a record majority. In 1985 he reached a temporary settlement with the moderate Sikhs which failed, however, to hold.
His reputation was tarnished by a scandal concerning alleged "kick-backs" derived by senior officials from an arms deal with the Swedish munitions firm Bofors and, following his party's defeat in the general election of November 1989, Gandhi was forced to resign as premier.
Why is Rajiv Gandhi famous?
Rajiv Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India from 1984 until 1989.