Queen Victoria (1819-1901) married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840.
Her relations with her prime ministers ranged from the affectionate (Melbourne and Disraeli) to the stormy (Peel, Palmerston, and Gladstone).
Her golden jubilee in 1887 and diamond jubilee in 1897 marked a waning of republican sentiment, which had developed with her withdrawal from public life on Albert's death.
Only child of Edward, duke of Kent, fourth son of George III, she was born on 24 May 1819 at Kensington Palace, London. She and Albert had four sons and five daughters.
After Albert's death in 1861 she lived mainly in retirement. Nevertheless, she kept control of affairs, refusing the Prince of Wales (Edward VII) any active role. From 1848 she regularly visited the Scottish Highlands, where she had a house at Balmoral built to Prince Albert's designs. She died at Osborne House, her home in the Isle of Wight, on 22 January 1901, and was buried at Windsor.
Why is Queen Victoria famous?
Queen Victoria was Queen of the UK from 1837, when she succeeded her uncle William IV, and empress of India from 1876.