Pierre Laval (1883-1945) was prime minister and foreign secretary (1931-1932), and again (1935-1946).
In World War II he joined Pdtain's Vichy government as vice-premier in June 1940; dismissed in December 1940, he was reinstated by Hitler's orders as head of the government and foreign minister in 1942. After the war he was executed.
Laval, born near Vichy, entered the chamber of deputies in 1914 as a Socialist, but after World War I moved towards the right.
His second period as prime minister was marked by the Hoare-Laval Pact for concessions to Italy in Abyssinia. His share in the deportation of French labour to Germany made him universally hated. On the Allied invasion he fled the country, but was arrested in Austria, tried for treason, and shot after trying to poison himself.