Peter Abelard was born in the year of 1079 and died on April 21, 1142.
French scholastic philosopher noted for his work on logic and theology and for his love affair with Heloise. Details of his controversial life are contained in the autobiographical Historia Calamitatum Mearum (The History of My Misfortunes).
Born near Nantes, he became canon of Notre Dame in Paris, and master of the cathedral school 1115. When his seduction of, and secret marriage to, his pupil Heloise became known, she entered a convent and he was castrated at the instigation of her uncle, Canon Fulbert, and became a monk.
Resuming teaching a year later, he was cited for heresy and became a hermit at Nogent, where he built the oratory of the Paraclete, and later abbot of a monastery
in Brittany. He opposed realism in the debate over universals, and propounded "conceptualism" whereby universal terms have only a mental existence.
His love letters from Heloise survive. He died at Chalon-sur-Safine, on his way to defend himself against a new charge of heresy.
Heloise was buried beside him at the Paraclete 1164, their remains being taken to Pere Lachaise, Paris 1817.
Why is Peter Abelard famous?
Peter Abelard was a famous medieval French scholastic philosopher, theologian and preeminent logician.