Pavel Kiselyov (full name Pavel Dmitrievich Kiselyov), also known as Pavel Dmitrievich Kiselyov, was born on January 8, 1788 in Moscow, Russia and died on November 14, 1872 in Paris, France. He was a Russian general and a great reformer under Nicholas I' reign.
Biography and Career :
His military career started during the Napoleonic Wars when he was Count Miloradovich's aide-de-camp in the Battle of Borodino. After five years he was named Chief of Staff of the Second Army, stationed in Tulchyn, Podolia. There, for the first time, he tried to implement his liberal reforms.
Between 1828 and 1829 in the Russo-Turkish War he was commander of the Russian occupying troops in Wallachia and Moldavia and on October 19, 1829 was named Plenipotentiary President of the Divans in Wallac
hia and Moldavia. He was a good administrator of the two regions and under his command the two states had constitutions for the first time, Wallachia in 1831 and Moldavia in 1832. This had a big impact on the economy and politics. He was also in charge with the construction of an important artery in Bucharest, which now bears his name as Soseaua Kiseleff. In 1835 he was admitted to the State Council of Imperial Russia in Saint Petersburg and after two years he was chosen Imperial Minister of State Properties. He had this job for 18 years. He was a count and reformed the administration of state-owned peasants in 1839 and this was also the year when he created a system of schools for peasant children. They are known as Kiselyov Schools.
Nicholas I died and his successor was Alexander II. The last one sent Kiselyov to Paris as Minister Plenipotentiary to smooth the effects of the Crimean War. He married Countess Sofia, who was Stanislaw Szczesny Potocki's daughter. The couple had only one child but unfortunately for his parents he died at a young age. That's how he took a lot of care about his nephews, part of the Milyutin family.
He continued his work as a diplomat until 1862 when he started having health troubles. On November 14, 1872 he died in France and for 10 years before he passed away he never saw his homelands. Pavel Kiseleff Image : metropotam.ro