Oliver Tambo (1917-1993) was a South African nationalist politician, in exile 1960-1990, president of the African National Congress (ANC) 1977-1991.
Because of poor health, he was given the honorary post of national chair in July 1991, and Nelson Mandela resumed the ANC presidency.
Tambo was expelled from teacher training for organizing a student protest, and joined the ANC in 1944. He set up a law practice with Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg in 1952.
In 1956 Tambo, with other ANC members, was arrested on charges of treason; he was released the following year. When the ANC was banned in 1960, he left South Africa to set up an external wing. He became acting ANC president in 1967 and president in 1977, during Mandela's imprisonment. In December 1990 he returned to South Africa.
Why is Oliver Tambo famous?
Oliver Tambo was a South African anti-apartheid politician.