Nicolae Balcescu was born on June 29, 1819 in Romania. He was a Romanian historic, writer and revolutionary. He was the leader of the Revolution in 1848.
Biography and Career :
He was born in in a noble family and he took his mother's name which was from Balcesti, refusing his father's name- Petrescu.
Starting with 1832 he studies at "St. Sava" College as he is very passionate by history. When he was 19 years old he joins the army. In 1840 he takes part at the Filipescu conspiracy, but it is discovered and he is locked in Margineni Monastery. When he is released, he founds along with Ion Ghica and Christian Tell another secret organization named "The brotherhood".
He travels to France and Italy where he studies history. He gets involved in the 1848 France revolution. Ins
pired by it, he returns to Bucharest to participate at the revolution that started in June 11, being for two days minister and secretary of state of the temporary government made by the revolutionaries.
He is arrested in September 13 by the Turkish authorities that defeated the revolution. He managed to escape, leaving in Transilvania from where he was expelled by the Habsburgic authorities.
In 1849 he tries to negotiate from Budapest a treaty with the Hungarian revolutionarys but after it is signed the Hungarian revolution is defeated.
As a historian, his biggest writing is "Romanii supt Mihai-Voievod Viteazul" which he wrote it starting with 1849 when he was in exile. He was published by Alexandru Odobescu.
He died in Palermo when he was 33 years old, suffering from tuberculosis. He was buried in a poor men cemetery.