Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) was an Italian politician and author, whose name is now synonymous with cunning and cynical statecraft.
In his most important political works, "The Prince" in 1513 and Discorsi/Discourses (1531), he discusses ways in which rulers can advance the interests of their states (and themselves) through an often amoral and opportunist manipulation of other people.
Machiavelli was born in Florence and was second chancellor to the republic (1498-1512). On the accession to power of the Medici in 1512, he was arrested and imprisoned on a charge of conspiracy, but in 1513 released to exile in the country.
The Prince, based on his observations of Cesare Borgia, is a guide for the future prince of a unified Italian state. In L'Arte delta guerra/The Art of War in 1520 he outlined the provision of an army for the prince, and in Historic fiorentine/History of Florence he analysed the historical development of Florence until 1492.
Among his later works are the comedies La MandragolalThe Mandrake 1524 and Clizia.
Why is Niccolo Machiavelli famous?
Niccolo Machiavelli was an Italian historian, diplomat, author and philosopher.