Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) was an Russian anarchist, active in Europe.
In 1848 he was expelled from France as a revolutionary agitator.
In Switzerland in the 1860s he became recognized as the leader of the anarchist movement.
In 1869 he joined the First International (a coordinating socialist body) but, after stormy conflicts with Karl Marx, was expelled 1872.
Born of a noble family, Bakunin served in the Imperial Guard but, disgusted with tsarist methods in Poland, resigned his commission and travelled abroad. For his share in a brief revolt at Dresden in 1849 he was sentenced to death. The sentence was commuted to imprisonment, and he was handed over to the tsar's government and sent to Siberia in 1855.
In 1861 he managed to escape to Switzerland, he had a large following, particularly in the Latin American countries. He wrote books and pamphlets, including "God and the State".
Why is Mikhail Bakunin famous?
Mikhail Bakunin was a famous Russian revolutionary.