Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564) massive figure style was translated into fresco in the Sistine Chapel (1508-1512 and (1536-1541) in Vatican. Other works in Rome include the dome of Saint Peter's basilica.
Born near Florence, he was a student of Ghirlandaio and trained under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici. His patrons later included several popes and Medici princes.
In 1496 he completed the Pietd (St Peter's, Rome), a technically brilliant piece that established his reputation. Also in Rome he began the great tomb of Pope Julius II: The Slaves (Louvre, Paris) and Moses (South Pietro in Vincoti, Rome) were sculpted for this unfinished project. His grandiose scheme for the Sistine Chapel tells, on the ceiling, the Old Testament sto
ry from Genesis to the Deluge, and on the altar wall he later added a vast Last Judgement.
From 1516 to 1534 he was again in Florence, where his chief work was the design of the Medici sepulchral chapel in South Lorenzo. Back in Rome he became chief architect of Saint Peter's in 1547. His friendship with Vittoria Colonna (1492-1547), a noblewoman, inspired many of his sonnets and madrigals.
Why is Michelangelo famous?
Michelangelo was a Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet, active in his native Florence and in Rome were his giant talent dominated the High Renaissance.