Michael Collins (1890-1922) was a Irish Sinn Fein leader, a founder and director of intelligence of the Irish Republican Army in 1919, minister for finance in the Provisional government of the Irish Free State in 1922, commander of the Free State forces and for ten days head of state; killed in the civil war.
Born in County Cork, Collins became an active member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and in 1916 fought in the Easter Rising.
In 1918 he was elected a Sinn Fein member to the Dail, and became a minister in the Republican Provisional government.
In 1921 he and Arthur Griffith (1872-1922) were mainly responsible for the treaty that established the Irish Free State.
During the ensuing civil war, Collins took command and crushed the opposition in Dublin and the large towns within a few weeks. When Griffith died on 12 August Collins became head of the state and the army, but he was ambushed near Cork by fellow Irishmen on 22 August and killed.
Why is Michael Collins famous?
Michael Collins was an Irish revolutionary leader and Minister for Finance.