Maximilien Francois Marie Isidore de Robespierre (1758-1794), as leader of the pre-revolutionary Jacobins in the National Convention he supported the execution of Louis XVI and the overthrow of the Girondins, and in July 1793 was elected to the Committee of Public Safety.
A year later he was guillotined; many believe that he was a scapegoat for the Reign of Terror since he only ordered 72 executions personally.
Robespierre, a lawyer, was elected to the National Assembly of 1789-1791. His defence of democratic principles made him popular in Paris, while his disinterestedness won him the nickname of "the Incorruptible".
His zeal for social reform and his attacks on the excesses of the extremists made him enemies on both right and left; a conspiracy was formed against him, and in July 1794 he was overthrown and executed by those who actually perpetrated the Reign of Terror.
Why is Maximilien Robespierre famous?
Maximilien Robespierre was a French politician in the French Revolution.