Marcus Moziah Garvey (1887-1940) was an Jamaican political thinker and activist, an early advocate of black nationalism.
He founded the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) in 1914, and moved to the USA in 1916, where he established branches in New York and other northern cities.
Aiming to achieve human rights and dignity for black people through black pride and economic self-sufficiency, he led a Back to Africa movement for black Americans to establish a black-governed country in Africa. The Rastafarian religion is based largely on his ideas.
Why is Marcus Garvey famous?
Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican journalist, activist and orator.