Adopted name of Emmanuel Rudnitsky (1890-1976) was associated with the Dada movement.
His pictures often showed Surrealist images like the photograph Le Violon d'lngres in 1924.
Ray was born in Philadelphia, but lived in Paris from 1921 (in Los Angeles 1940-1951). He began as a painter and took up photography in 1915, the year he first met the Dada artist Duchamp in New York.
In 1922 he invented the myograph, a black and white image obtained by placing objects on sensitized photographic paper; he also made much use of the technique of solarization (partly reversing the tones on a photograph). His photographs include portraits of many artists and writers.
Why is Man Ray famous?
Man Ray was an American photographer, painter, and sculptor, active mainly in France.