Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925. He was an African American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist.
Biography and Career
Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, Nebraska. He is the son of Earl and Louise Little. His father was an outspoken Baptist lay speaker. Malcolm never forgot the values of black pride and self reliance that his father and other UNIA leaders preached.
In 1943 Malcolm registered himself for military service. Military physicians classified him as mentally disqualified for military service. He was issued a 4-F card, relieving him of his service obligations.
In 1946, he was charged with larceny and breaking and entering and eventually sentenced to eight to ten years in Massachusetts State Prison. In 1948, while being in the prison Malco
m's brother wrote him telling him about the Nation of Islam.
The UNIA, the Nation preached black self reliance and ultimately, the unification of members of the African Diaspora free from white American and European domination. Because his brother's teachings Malcolm quit smoking and the next time pork was served in the prison dining hall he refused to eat it.
Later his brother visited him and taught him some more regarding Islam and make him to reconsider his dismissal of all religion and he became receptive to the message of the Nation of Islam. Other family members who had joined the Nation wrote or visited and encouraged Malcolm to join them.
In late 1948, he wrote a letter to Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam. In 1952 after his release from prison, Malcolm visited Elijah Muhammad in Chicago, Illinois and changed his surname to X.
In 1953, Malcolm X was named assistant minister of the Nation of Islam's Temple Number One in Detroit. By late 1953 he established Boston's Temple Number Eleven. After a 1959 television broadcast in New York City about the Nation of Islam, The Hate That Hate Produced, Malcolm X became known to a much wider audience.
On April 19, Malcolm X completed the Hajj, making the seven circuits around the Kaaba. In 2005, Columbia University announced the opening of the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center.
Birth Name: Malcolm Little
Birth: May 19, 1925
Why do we like Malcolm X?
We like him he was a great African American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
Why is Malcolm X Famous?
He is famous because of his work as a African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist.