Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ,called Mahatma "Great Soul" (1869-1948) was an Indian nationalist leader.
A pacifist, he led the struggle for Indian independence from the UK by nonviolent noncooperation (sat-yagraha, defence of and by truth) from 1915. He was several times imprisoned by the British authorities, and was influential in the nationalist Congress Party and in the independence negotiations in 1947.
He was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist in the violence which followed the Partition of India and Pakistan.
Gandhi was born in Porbandar and studied in London where he practised as a barrister. He settled in South Africa where until 1914 he led the Indian community in opposition to racial discrimination.
Back in India he emerged as leader of the Indian National Congress and organized hunger strikes and civil disobedience and campaigned for social reform, including religious tolerance and an end to discrimination against the so-called untouchable caste.
Why is Mahatma Gandhi famous?
Mahatma Gandhi was a political and ideological leader during the Indian independence movement.