Lev Nikolaievich Tolstoy (1828-1910) from 1880, he underwent a profound spiritual crisis and took up moral positions including passive resistance to evil, rejection of authority (religious or civic) and of private ownership, and a return to basic mystical Christianity.
He was excommunicated by the Orthodox Church, and his later works were banned.
Tolstoy was born of noble family at Yasnaya Polyana, near Tula, and fought in the Crimean War. His first published work was Childhood in 1852, the first part of the trilogy that was completed with Boyhood in 1854 and Youth in 1857; later books include What I Believe in 1883 and The Kreutzer Sonata in 1889, and the novel Resurrection in 1900.
His home became a place of pilgrimage. His desire to give up his property and live as a peasant disrupted his family life, and he finally fled his home and died of pneumonia at the railway station at Astapovo.
Why is Leo Tolstoy famous?
Leo Tolstoy was a Russian novelist, who wrote Tales from Sebastopol in 1856, War and Peace 1863-1869, and Anna Karenina 1873-1877.
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