Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972) was a Ghanaian nationalist politician, prime minister of the Gold Coast (1952-1957) and of independent Ghana (1957-1960), and Ghana's first president (1960-1966). His policy of "African socialism" led to links with the communist bloc.
Originally a teacher, he studied later in both Britain and the USA, and on returning to Africa formed the Convention People's Party (CPP) in 1949 with the aim of immediate self-government.
He was imprisoned in 1950 for incitement of illegal strikes, but was released the same year. As president he established an authoritarian regime and made Ghana a one-party (CPP) state in 1964. He then dropped his stance of nonalignment and drew closer to the USSR and other communist countries.
Deposed from the presidency while on a visit to Beijing in 1966, he remained in exile in Guinea, where he was made a co-head of state, until his death, but was posthumously "rehabilitated" 1973.
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Kwame Nkrumah was a Ghanaian leader from 1951 to 1966.
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