James II (1633-1701) was a King of England and Scotland (James VII) from 1685, second son of Charles I. He succeeded Charles II.
James married Anne Hyde 1659 (1637-1671), mother of Mary II and Anne and Mary of Modena (1673) (mother of James Edward Stuart).
He became a Catholic in 1671, which led first to attempts to exclude him from the succession, then to the rebellions of Monmouth and Argyll, and finally to the Whig and Tory leaders' invitation to William of Orange to take the throne in 1688.
Jaihes fled to France, led a rising in Ireland in 1689, but after defeat at the battle of the Boyne in 1690 remained in exile in France.
Why is James II famous?
James II was King of England and King of Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII.