Joseph Chamberlain (1836-1914) was a British politician, reformist mayor of and member of Parliament for Birmingham.
In 1886 he resigned from the cabinet over Gladstone's policy of home rule for Ireland, and led the revolt of the Liberal-Unionists.
By 1874 Chamberlain had adopted radical views, and took an active part in local affairs. Three times mayor of Birmingham, he carried through many schemes of municipal development.
In 1876 he was elected to Parliament and joined the republican group led by Charles Dilke, the extreme left wing of the Liberal Party. The climax of his radical period was reached with an unauthorized programme, advocating, among other things, free education, graduated taxation, and smallholdings of 'three acres and a cow'.
olonial secretary in Salisbury's Conservative government, Chamberlain was responsible for relations with the Boer republics up to the outbreak of war in 1899.
In 1903 he resigned to campaign for imperial preference or tariff reform as a means of consolidating the empire.
From 1906 he was incapacitated by a stroke. Chamberlain was one of the most colourful figures of British politics, and his monocle and orchid made him a favourite subject for political cartoonists.
Why is Joseph Chamberlain famous?
Joseph Chamberlain was a famous British politician and statesman.