John Henry Newman (1801-1890) was a English Roman Catholic theologian.
While still an Anglican, he wrote a series of Tracts for the Times, which gave their name to the Tractarian Movement (subsequently called the Oxford Movement) for the revival of Catholicism.
He became a Catholic 1845 and was made a cardinal in 1879. In 1864 his autobiography, Apologia pro vita sua, was published.
Newman, born in London, was ordained in the Church of England in 1824, and in 1827 became vicar of St. Mary's, Oxford. There he was influenced by the historian R. H. Froude and the Anglican priest Keble, and in 1833 published the first of the Tracts for the Times.
They culminated in Tract in 1841 which found the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Anglican church compatible with Roma
n Catholicism, and Newman was received into the Roman Catholic Church 1845. He was rector of Dublin University (1854-1858) and published his lectures on education as The Idea of a University in 1873.
His poem The Dream of Gerontius appeared 1866, and The Grammar of Assent, an analysis of the nature of belief, 1870. He wrote the hymn "Lead, kindly light" 1833.
Why is John Henry Newman famous?
John Henry Newman was a famous person in the religious history of England in the 19th century.