James Macpherson (1736-1796) was a Scottish writer and forger, author of Fragments of Ancient Poetry Collected in the Highlands of Scotland in 1760, followed by the epics Fingal in 1761 and Temora in 1763, which he claimed as the work of the 3rd-century bard Ossian. After his death they were shown to be forgeries.
When challenged by Dr. Samuel Johnson, Macpherson failed to produce his originals and a committee decided in 1797 that he had combined fragmentary materials with oral tradition.
Nevertheless, the works of "Ossian" influenced the development of the Romantic movement in Britain and in Europe.
Why is James Macpherson famous?
James Macpherson was a Scottish author, poet and politician.