James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) major achievement was to the understanding of electromagnetic waves: Maxwell's equations bring together electricity, magnetism, and light in one set of relations.
He contributed to every branch of physical science, gases, optics, including colour sensation. His theoretical work in magnetism prepared the way for wireless telegraphy and telephony.
Born in Edinburgh, he was professor of natural philosophy at Aberdeen (1856-1860), and then of physics and astronomy at London.
In 1871, he became professor of experimental physics at Cambridge. His principal works include Perception of Colour, Colour Blindness in 1860, Theory of Heat in 1871, Electricity and Magnetism (1873), and Matter and Motion (1876).
Why is James Clerk Maxwell famous?
James Clerk Maxwell was a Scottish physicist and mathematician.