Indira Gandhi (1917-1984) was the Prime minister of India 1966-1977 and 1980-1984, and leader of the nationalist Congress Party 1966-1977 and subsequently of the Congress Party.
She was assassinated by members of her Sikh bodyguard, resentful of her use of troops to clear malcontents from the Sikh temple at Amritsar.
Her father was India's first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. She married in 1942 Feroze Gandhi (died in 1960, not related to Mahatma Gandhi) and had two sons, Sanjay Gandhi (1946-1980), who died in an air crash, and Rajiv Gandhi.
In 1975 the validity of her reelection to parliament was questioned and she declared a state of emergency. During this time her son Sanjay was implementing a social and economic programme (including an unpopular family-planning policy) which led to her defeat in 1977, though he masterminded her return to power in 1980.