Hu Yaobang (1915-1989) was a Chinese politician, Communist Party (CCP) chair (1981-1987). A protege of the communist leader Deng Xiaoping, Hu presided over a radical overhaul of the party structure and personnel (1982-1986).
Hu, bon into a peasant family in Hunan province, joined the Red Army at the age of 14 and was a political commissar during die (1934-1936) Long March.
In 1941 he served under Deng and later worked under him in provincial and central government. Hu was purged as a "capitalist roader" during the (1966-1969) Cultural Revolution and sent into the countryside for "re-education". He was rehabilitated in 1975, but disgraced again when Deng fell from prominence in 1976.
In December 1978, with Deng established in power, Hu was inducted into the CCP Politburo and became head of the revived secretariat in 1980 and CCP chairman in 1981. He attempted to quicken reaction against Mao. He was dismissed in January 1987 for his relaxed handling of a wave of student unrest in December 1986.
Why is Hu Yaobang famous?
Hu Yaobang was a leader of the People's Republic of China.