Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson (1758-1805) joined the navy in 1770 and in the Revolutionary Wars against France he lost the sight in his right eye in 1794, and his right arm in 1797.
He became a national hero, and rear-admiral, after the victory off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. In 1798 he tracked the French fleet to Aboukir Bay, and almost entirely destroyed it in the Battle of the Nile.
In 1801 he won a decisive victory over Denmark at the battle of Copenhagen, and in 1805, after two years of blockading Toulon, another over the Franco-Spanish fleet at the battle of Trafalgar, near Gibraltar.
Nelson was born at Bumham Thorpe, Norfolk, where his father was rector. While serving in the West Indies he married Mrs. Frances Nisbet. He was almost continuously on a
ctive service in the Mediterranean (1793-1800), and lingered at Naples for a year, during which he helped to crush a democratic uprising and fell completely under the influence of Lady Hamilton.
In 1800 he returned to England, and soon after separated from his wife. He was promoted to vice-admiral in 1801, and sent to the Baltic to operate against the Danes, nominally as second-in-command; in fact, it was Nelson who was responsible for the victory of Copenhagen, and for negotiating peace with Denmark. On his return to England he was created a viscount.
In 1803 he received the Mediterranean command, and for nearly two years blockaded Toulon. When in 1805 his opponent, the French admiral Pierre de Villeneuve (1763-1806), eluded him, Nelson pursued him to the West Indies and back, and on 21 October defeated the combined French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar, 20 of the enemy ships being captured. Nelson himself was mortally wounded. He is buried in St. Paul's Cathedral London.
Why is Horatio Nelson famous?
Horatio Nelson was a English admiral in the Royal Navy.
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