Herbert Clark Hoover (1874-1964) was the 31st president of the USA (1929-1933), a Republican, secretary of commerce (1921-1928).
He lost public confidence after the stock-market crash of 1929, when he opposed direct government aid for the unemployed in the depression that followed.
As a mining engineer, Hoover travelled widely before World War I, during which he organized relief work in occupied Europe; a talented administrator, he was subsequendy associated with numerous international relief organizations, and became food administrator for the USA (1917-1919).
He defeated the Democratic candidate for the presidency, Al Smith (1873-1944). The shantytowns or "Hoovervilles" of the homeless that sprang up around large cities were evidence of his failure to cope with the effects of the Depression.
He was severely criticized for his adamant opposition to a federal dole for the unemployed, even after the funds of states, cities, and charities were exhausted. In 1933, he was succeeded by Roosevelt.
Why is Herbert Hoover famous?
Herbert Hoover was the 31st President of the United States (1929–1933).